An overview of the ballard fuel cell production

We also have a bus power module business — we are still working through limited trials with bus manufacturers and transit agencies in the U. Recently, though, the stock has seen a bit of a resurgence. Efficiency is about 40 to 50 percent, and operating temperature is about 80 degrees C about degrees F.

Efficiency is about 70 percent, and operating temperature is to degrees C, about to degrees F.

An overview of the ballard fuel cell production

The first three are liquid electrolytes; the last two are solids. Ballard, whose father had worked on the Manhattan Project, which produced the atomic bomb during World War II, started the company as a research and development firm to conduct work on high-energy lithium batteries. Today we provide Engineering Services to automotive companies, such as Volkswagen, and are paid good margins for that work. The earlier hype was premature. Moving into the 21st Century As Ballard Power entered the late s, it chased its objective with purpose. New Flyer is the largest heavy-duty transit bus manufacturer in North America offering the widest range of drive systems. The purpose of a fuel cell is to produce an electrical current that can be directed outside the cell to do work, such as powering an electric motor or illuminating a light bulb or a city. The fundamental design aspects of fuel cells were simple, but turning the technology into a practicable energy system for widespread use proved exceptionally difficult. The challenge of making Ballard Power's vision of the future a reality fell in large part to Campbell, whose thoughts on the company's immediate future were captured in his letter to the company's shareholders written in March Developed by a Welsh physicist and patent attorney named Sir William Grove in , fuel cells are electrochemical devices that produce electricity without combustion, extracting exponentially more electricity from a fuel-rather than combustion-based technology.

Key Dates: Ballard Power is formed to conduct research on rechargeable lithium batteries. Read more… Our Technology We represent decades of innovation and engineering leadership in clean energy fuel cell vehicles.

Ecostar developed and manufactured electric drive trains for use in electrically powered vehicles and power conversion systems for microturbines, internal combustion engines, and fuel-cell products.

fuel cell pdf

I cover the energy industry. Today, the main electrolyte types are alkali, molten carbonate, phosphoric acid, proton exchange membrane PEM and solid oxide.

fuel cell pdf

The solid, flexible electrolyte will not leak or crack, and these cells operate at a low enough temperature to make them suitable for homes and cars. Share to facebook Share to twitter Share to linkedin If you have been following Ballard Power Systems for the past two decades, you know that this company has been through a good deal.

Applications of fuel cells pdf

Because of the way electricity behaves, this current returns to the fuel cell, completing an electrical circuit. Karaffa cites the case of WalMart and Plug Power. That will be an important inflection point for the Company. If alternating current AC is needed, the DC output of the fuel cell must be routed through a conversion device called an inverter. McAree indicates that the fuel cell bus market is a somewhat less mature market and more difficult to predict. Looking forward, Karaffa is optimistic,. The design of electrodes, for example, and the materials used to make them depend on the electrolyte. Before starting his company, the Harvard-educated Ballard spent a decade conducting military and energy research for the U. It must permit only the appropriate ions to pass between the anode and cathode. It brings to us around patents which makes us by far the leader in the industry. Share to facebook Share to twitter Share to linkedin If you have been following Ballard Power Systems for the past two decades, you know that this company has been through a good deal.

Ballard is well-positioned with unique competitive advantages including top tier long term customers, leading technology with strong IP and 30 years of experience in manufacturing fuel cell products along with strategic shareholders, position Ballard with unique competitive advantages.

Ballard Power's product line includes vehicular fuel-cell power trains, fuel-cell engines, fuel-cell power generators, power-conversion systems, electric drive trains, fuel-cell stacks, and carbon materials. Finally, the company sells Engineering Services to customers that include a number of automotive OEMs such as its contract with VW — and also licenses its intellectual property portfolio.

But building inexpensive, efficient, reliable fuel cells is a far more complicated business.

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